37.99.172 PRIVATE ALTERNATIVE ADOLESCENT RESIDENTIAL PROGRAMS: USE OF CRISIS INTERVENTION AND PHYSICAL RESTRAINT STRATEGIES
(1) The program must have written policies and procedures governing the appropriate use of crisis intervention and physical restraint methods if used by the program.
(2) The crisis intervention and physical restraint policies and procedures must include:
(a) crisis prevention and verbal and nonverbal de-escalation techniques are the preferred methods and must be used first to manage behavior;
(b) all staff must be trained in the program's crisis intervention, de-escalation techniques, and physical restraint methods;
(c) physical restraint may only be used to safely control a program participant until the program participant can regain control of their own behavior;
(d) physical restraint must only be used in the following circumstances:
(i) when the program participant has failed to respond to de-escalation techniques and it is necessary to prevent harm to the program participant or others; or
(ii) when a program participant's behavior puts themselves or others at substantial risk of harm and the program participant must be forcibly moved;
(e) physical restraint must be used only until the program participant has regained control and must not exceed 15 consecutive minutes. If the program participant remains a danger to self or others after 15 minutes, the participant's record must include written documentation of attempts made to release the program participant from the restraint and the reasons that continuation of restraint is necessary; and
(f) physical restraint may be used only by staff who are documented to be specifically trained in crisis intervention and physical restraint techniques.
(3) The program policies and procedures must require the documentation of:
(a) the specific behavior which required the physical restraint;
(b) the specific attempts to de-escalate the situation before using physical restraint;
(c) the length of time the physical restraint was applied including documentation of the time started and completed;
(d) the identity of the specific staff member(s) involved in administering the physical restraint;
(e) the type of physical restraint used;
(f) any injuries to the program participant resulting from the physical restraint;
(g) debriefing completed with the staff and program participant involved in the physical restraint; and
(h) notification of the parent/legal guardian within 24 hours of restraint.
(4) Program policies and procedures must require that whenever a physical restraint has been used on a program participant more than four times within a seven-day period, the program administrator or designee will review the program participant's situation to determine the suitability of the program participant to remain in the program, whether modification of the case plan is warranted, or whether staff need additional training in alternative therapeutic behavior management techniques. The program must take appropriate action as a result of the review.
(5) Program policies and procedures must prohibit the application of a physical restraint if a program participant has a documented physical condition that would contradict its use, unless a health care professional has previously and specifically authorized its use in writing. Documentation must be maintained in the program participant's record.
History: 52-2-803, 52-2-805, MCA; IMP, 52-2-803, 52-2-805, 52-2-809, MCA; NEW, 2019 MAR p. 2029, Eff. 11/9/19.